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I don't like sand. It's coarse, and rough, and irritating, and it gets everywhere.
Here is the build info:
Here is a video by the King of Random with more details on making one for yourself:
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Summary: Fluidized beds are used in industry for various reasons. They also happen to be really cool to play with and swim in. I made a liquid sand hot tub by adding air in just the right way.
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I make videos like this once a month all year long while supplies last:
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I'm sitting in a hot tub filled to the brim with solid sand. This is one of the coolest things ever. If you take a tub of sand like this and then add air in just the right way, it basically becomes a liquefied suit do in science. This is known as a fluidized bed.

It's used in industrial applications such as powder coat painting or in grain silos to make sure that the grain flows smoothly to the outlet with air on the top surface is nearly frictionless. It's like an air hockey table and then, when you cut off the air, it freezes everything exactly where it's at so today, i'm going to show you how to make a simple version like this yourself and then because i became curious. What it would feel like to be fully immersed in something like this? We made a hot tub size version, as you can see from the 60 year old video from the royal institute of science, this demo isn't exactly new. I've wanted to build one for a long time, but you can find literally no information online on how to make one like that.

So i started combing through a bunch of patent drawings for massive industrial size, fluid beds, and i noticed that instead of one big inlet, they all had a bunch of small holes to deliver the air. So, starting with that in mind, it still took us 25 failed versions. Before we arrived at this design, as you can see, it's just a bunch of half inch. Pvc pipes arranged sort of in a ladder, but the key is to drill two one: millimeter holes 90 degrees apart from each other and then do a bunch of those spaced 25 millimeters apart.

Then you glue all the pipes together and just make sure you orient the holes down so that will keep the sand from getting in and then you just seal off the container with some hot glue and then fill your container with either fine sand or we found Glass beads worked really well and you could power with a small air compressor like this or you could just rent a large nitrogen container like this. For about 30 bucks and that'll, give you 10 minutes of run time as usual. I'll put a link to all of the parts. I used the build in the video description, so my buddy ken had an old, broken spa in his backyard, which we decided to put to good use.

It just stops and you're like locked in place. It's like a weighted blanket on every surface of your body um now that it was tested and ready in my ongoing quest to be the favorite uncle, i decided to surprise my nephews with it, but before we get to swimming in sand, let's talk about the science Behind a fluidized bed - and we don't click away, if you think science is boring if you're new here, you should know that my approach to science is similar to velociraptor hunting patterns. I try to bring people in with a catchy thumbnail or a cool thing to see and then, when they least expect it clever girl. Admittedly, the analogy breaks down a little at the end, but if you promise to hang with me for the next two minutes, i promise to try and walk the delicate line between trying to make things simple to understand without oversimplifying or being condescending.

Fluidization is just when you have enough upward air so that the force of the air pushing on each grain of sand is equal to the downward force of gravity or weight, and when that happens on any individual grain of sand, it hovers in equilibrium like this. You can think of forces acting on an object like a tug of war. If an object is in equilibrium, that means there's a tie and it doesn't accelerate in either direction just like in a real tug of war. If the sides are even, however, if you add stone, cold, steve austin to this side, that will make it totally unbalanced and will start to move this way, which is actually what happens if you accidentally turn the air up too high, as the fluidization occurs in that Sweet spot where the sand particles hover at equilibrium, which makes them easy to move around.

This is also the reason sometimes you'll see pools pumped with air to cushion the landing for the divers. Now you notice that some stuff floats in the sand and other stuff sinks. This has to do with the buoyancy force, which is a function of the density of the surrounding fluid and the volume of the object itself whenever an object exists in a pressure gradient. There are forces from pressure pushing in on all sides, but they push a little bit harder, the deeper that you are, which is why it hurts more to be the bottom guy in a dog pile or it hurts your ears more.

The deeper you dive in the pool - and this makes sense because the deeper you dive, the more water there is above you pushing down and if you add up the size and direction of all those arrows, a bunch of stuff cancels out and you're left with one Net force pointing upwards that is the buoyancy force and if your bouncy force happens to be greater than your force from gravity you float and if your buoyancy force happens to be less than the force from gravity you sink now, we usually think of buoyancy with water, But you could think of things like helium balloons being buoyant in our atmosphere. So here's a trick question which of these has a higher buoyancy force. It's actually the rubber ball buoyancy force has nothing to do with the density of the object, just the volume. So, since the rubber ball takes up more space, it has a higher buoyancy force, but you might object.

Then why does the rubber ball sink and the balloon floats? Remember it's a tug of war, the rubber ball sinks, because the force from gravity on the thick rubber, skin and the air inside is bigger than the buoyancy force, but for the balloon, even though it doesn't have as big of a buoyancy force compared to the ball. It still floats up because that buoyancy force is bigger than the weight arrow from the helium and the thin rubber shell and the helium will keep rising like a ball floating up from deep in a lake. And then it will eventually hang out where the density of the atmosphere is roughly equal to the density of the helium of the balloon, because that's where the tug of war becomes equal, we made it through now back to my nephews, my as soon oh okay. Thank god.

Oh you.

14 thoughts on “Liquid sand hot tub- fluidized air bed”
  1. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Xmilio ios says:

    This is a lot satisfying than those satisfying vids

  2. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Hola! Andre Ribeiro says:

    The soggy zebra coherently identify because saudi arabia phylogenetically battle failing a wrathful cylinder. bouncy, boiling root

  3. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Renee Mascot says:

    I watched someone who said you were a bad person. I stopped watching after that I was very mad I punched a wall my hand I hurting very badly.馃槨馃槨馃槶

  4. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Liam De Waal says:

    dog: uhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh what :me: ok wow

  5. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars 馃崑LemonMan馃崑 says:

    Eazy way to put all this
    Air: *
    Sand: 路
    Before air: 路路
    After air: 路*路

  6. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars AnonymousKitten47 says:

    How much bullshit would it take to justify a fictional world with a sea of sand? Could boats float on it? Could a city float on it?

  7. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars WebX says:

    Who all recognized this effect while watching DUNE?

  8. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Epic Gamer says:

    Imagine going to your uncle's house and then when you come back you tell your mom 'we swimmed in sand'

    Sorry for my bad english

  9. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Toastyeeter says:

    Coming back to this after a long time after seeing something like this in the movie Escape Room 2

  10. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars n1vg says:

    Just got home from watching the new Dune movie. I'm so happy they added sand liquefaction in this version.

  11. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Yohana says:

    At this point it鈥檚 not even sand it鈥檚 just water with a tiny bit of sand

  12. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars imogen buckley says:

    Imagine you put that kids head under it and cut off the air.

  13. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars statiqmode_ says:

    How to defeat Darth Vader in 5 seconds: force push him into a liquid sand hot tub

  14. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Hungryshark123 says:

    Imagine having a snorkel, completely submerging yourself and then taking the air out of the sand and being able to breathe, I鈥檇 love to do that

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